NEW EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array

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EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array Description: EpiCypher's EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array platform is designed for rapid and high-throughput screening of effector protein, antibody and enzyme interactions with a comprehensive library of combinatorially-modified and biotinylated histone peptides immobilized on a streptavidin-coated glass slide. The peptides encompass over 296 unique modifications on the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4) and several histone variants. Every EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array contains more than 292 histone peptides spotted 12 times each for high quality detection and analysis of antibody or protein binding or enzyme activity. Extensive validation and purification of peptides is performed prior to histone peptide array printing to ensure the highest quality product for your studies.

EpiTriton™ is a dramatic improvement over our previous EpiTitan™ platform, which was the gold standard in histone peptide arrays. Contact us at for more information about previous versions of the product.

EpiTriton™ improvements include:

  • Expanded PTM coverage, including Acyl family modifications (e.g. crotonyl, butyryl, etc.)
  • Capability to perform multiple experiments per array with the included multi-well gasket
  • Three subarrays
  • Highly pure modified histone peptides
  • Improved positive controls for epitope tags and primary antibodies
  • Enhanced scanning and analysis tools

EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array Uses:

  • Examine the selectivity and specificity of histone modification antibodies
  • Analyze the specificity of histone binding proteins
  • Identify substrates for histone-modifying enzymes

EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array Advantages:

  • Significantly reduced false-negatives and false positives, reducing time and cost of experiments
  • Perform two separate experiments on a single array using the new multi-well gasket
  • HPLC quality control of all peptides allows full confidence in peptide consistancy from array analysis to follow-on experiments
  • Our industry leading reproducibility of results provides confidence in readouts; lab-to-lab reproducibility allows verification and adoption of results
  • High quality histone peptide arrays provide conclusions at research stage and reduces errors arising from other peptide array platforms
  • EpiTriton peptides are not limted to 20 residues, as all peptides are synthesized and validated prior to array spotting
EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array Storage and Stability:
EpiCypher EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Arrays should be stored in a dry environment at 4°C and must be protected from light and dust. Proper storage will maintain the integrity of the histone peptide array for at least 4 months from the date of shipping.

EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array Quality Control:
EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Arrays are created in batches of 50 to 100 arrays, and throughout the batch process, several sample arrays are analyzed for proper spotting using the patented fluorescent tracer co-spotted with each peptide. Several arrays per batch are also tested for performance using a histone binding "efftector" protein with a known binding pattern and analyzed for activity.

Additional Resources for EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array:

EpiTriton™ Tutorial Videos

Supplemental files for EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array:

EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array Manual EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Microarry Manual

EpiTriton™ Annotated Peptide List v5 EpiTriton™ Annotated Peptide List v5.xlsx

EpiTriton Analysis Template EpiTriton™ Analysis Template.xlsx

EpiTriton™ Annotated Peptide Sequences EpiTriton™ Peptide Sequences v5.xlsx

EpiTriton™ Array Grid v5 EpiTriton™ Array Grid v5.pptx

EpiCypher Histone Peptide Array References:

  • Rothbart SB et al (2015). An Interactive Database for the Assessment of Histone Antibody Specificity. Mol Cell 59: 502-511. LINK
  • Ali M et al (2015). Molecular insight into inhibition of the methylated histone-plant homeodomain complexes by calixarenes. J Biol Chem. LINK
  • Zhang ZM et al (2015). An Allosteric Interaction Links USP7 to Deubiquitination and Chromatin Targeting of UHRF1. Cell Rep. LINK
  • Tong Q et al (2015). An acetyl-methyl switch drives a conformational change in p53. Structure 23: 322-331. LINK
  • Tong Q et al (2015). Structural plasticity of methyllysine recognition by the tandem tudor domain of 53BP1. Tong Q et al. 2015. Structure 23: 312-321. LINK
  • Rothbart SB et al (2015). An Interactive Database for the Assessment of Histone Antibody Specificity. Mol Cell 59: 502-511. Link
  • Greer EL et al (2014). A histone methylation network regulates transgenerational epigenetic memory in C. elegans. Cell Rep 7: 113-126. Link
  • Kim HS et al (2014). Identification of a BET family bromodomain/casein kinase II/TAF-containing complex as a regulator of mitotic condensin function. Cell Rep 6: 892-905. Link
  • Klein BJ et al (2014). The histone-H3K4-specific demethylase KDM5B binds to its substrate and product through distinct PHD fingers. Cell Rep 6: 325-335. Link
  • Kinkelin K et al (2013). Structures of RNA polymerase II complexes with Bye1, a chromatin-binding PHF3/DIDO homologue. PNAS USA 110: 15277-15282. Link
  • Ali M et al (2013). Molecular basis for chromatin binding and regulation of MLL5. PNAS USA 110: 11296-11301. Link
  • Rothbart SB et al (2013). Multivalent histone engagement by the linked tandem Tudor and PHD domains of UHRF1 is required for the epigenetic inheritance of DNA methylation. Genes Dev 27: 1288-1298. Link
  • Gatchalian J et al (2013). Dido3 PHD modulates cell differentiation and division. Cell Rep 4: 148-158. Link
  • Cai L et al (2013). An H3K36 Methylation-Engaging Tudor Motif of Polycomb-like Proteins Mediates PRC2 Complex Targeting. Mol Cell 49: 571-582. Link
  • Rothbart SB et al (2012). Association of UHRF1 with methylated H3K9 directs the maintenance of DNA methylation. Nat Struct Mol Biol 19: 1155-1160. Link
  • Rothbart SB, Krajewski K, Strahl BD, Fuchs, SM (2012). Peptide microarrays to interrogate the histone code. Methods Enzymol 512: 107-135. Link
  • Fuchs SM, Krajewski K, Baker RW, Miller VL, Strahl BD (2011). Influence of combinatorial histone modifications on antibody and effector protein recognition. Curr Biol 21: 53-58. Link
EpiTriton Histone Peptide Microarray Workflow

EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array Workflow: For detection of the interaction of an effector protein with peptides on the array as shown above, you need a primary antibody to the protein (or to an affinity tag) and a fluorescently-labeled (or HRP-conjugated for ECL detection) secondary antibody to the primary. This is much like the detection procedure employed in immunofluorescence miscroscopy. For analysis of histone antibody specificity, you need a primary antibody to a histone modification and a labeled (fluorescent or HRP-conjugated) secondary antibody recognizing the primary antibody.
(Click on image to enlarge).

EpiTriton Histone Peptide Array Data HMTase

EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array Data-Histone Methyltransferase Enzyme Assay: A recombinant histone lysine 9 methyltransferase was used to methylate peptides on the EpiTriton™Histone Peptide Array. Left Panel (-KMT): No enzyme control. Right panel (+KMT): Enzyme applied to array. Methylation was detected using an antibody recognizing H3K9me2. White boxes highlight H3K9 methylated peptides detected by the antibody prior to enzyme addition. New spots detected depict novel sites of H3K9me2 on the array. These results highlight the use of the EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array for use in detecting the substrate specificity of histone modifying enzymes.
(Click on image to enlarge).

EpiTriton Histone Peptide Microarray Design

EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array Design: Each EpiCypher EpiTriton™ Histone Peptide Array contains over 296 biotinylated histone peptides (20 amino acids in length or more) immobilized on a streptavidin-coated glass slide. Peptides are spotted as two identical sub-arrays, labeled A, B and C. Within each sub-array, each peptide is spotted twice in groups of 3 (red dots), for a total of 12 spots per peptide on each array.
(Click on image to enlarge).

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